Anna Hazare Biography Anna Hazare was born on 15 June 1936 in a Maratha peasant family of village Ralegan_Siddhi in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra. His father’s name was Baburao Hazare and mother’s name was Laxmibai Hazare. His childhood was spent in extreme poverty. The father was a laborer and the grandfather was in the army. Dada’s deployment was in Bhingnagar. By the way, the village of Anna’s ancestors was in Ralegan Siddhi, located in Ahmed Nagar district. Seven years after the grandfather’s death, Anna’s family moved to Ralegan. Anna has six brothers. Anna’s aunt took him to Mumbai after seeing the tension in the family. There he studied till seventh grade.
After the India-China war in 1962, Anna joined the army in 1963 as a driver in the Maratha Regiment after the government appealed to the youth to join the army. Anna’s first appointment was in Punjab. During the Indo-Pakistan War in 1965, Anna Hazare was posted on the Khemkaran border. On 12 November 1965, all the troops stationed there were killed in Pakistani air bombardment at the post. This incident changed the life of Anna forever. He then served in the army for 13 more years. He was also posted in Mumbai and Kashmir. He took voluntary retirement after completing 15 years of service in the Army during his posting in Jammu in 1975.
He moved to his village Ralegan during the Mumbai posting. He used to sit there on the rock and thought of improving the village. He came to Ralegan after voluntary retirement in 1949 and started his social work. There was a severe shortage of electricity and water in this village. Anna inspired the villagers to build canals and collect rain water by digging pits and himself contributed to it. At the behest of Anna, trees were planted in different places in the village. Electricity was supplied to the village through solar energy and cow dung. He donated his land for children’s hostels and devoted all his pension for the development of the village. They live in a village temple and eat only food meant for children living in hostels.
Anna Hazare thought that corruption is the single biggest obstacle in the matter of development, so in 1991, he started a new campaign called the Anti-Corruption Mass Movement. It was found that 42 forest officials have taken advantage of the treaty and committed corruption of crores. Anna Hazare also pleaded against this and put him in jail, but his appeal was rejected, because all those officers were officers of a very popular political party. Frustrated with this, Anna Hazare returned the Padma Shri award given to him to the President of India and also returned the Vriksh Mitra Award given by Prime Minister Indira Rajiv Gandhi.
Later he went to Alandi where he also organized movements for the same reason. Awakened by this, the government immediately reacted immediately to the corruption. This campaign / movement of Hazare had a profound effect on the government – 6 or more ministers had to resign and more than 400 officers got out of work and returned to their respective homes. sent. But Anna Hazare was not happy with this small response, he wanted to change the entire system of the whole and wanted to create a corruption-free India. So he started a campaign to get information with his colleagues. In view of this, the Government did not pay attention to this movement of Azad Maidan, Mumbai 1997 and their demand was rejected.Anna Hazare Biography
Personality and Ideology
Gandhi’s legacy is his position. He is ordinary in height. There is a Gandhi cap on the head and Khadi on the body. There are thick glasses on the eyes, but they look far away. The intentions are Fauladi and Atal. After Mahatma Gandhi, Anna Hazare has used hunger strike and fast unto death as the weapon most often. Through this, they have forced the corrupt administration to step down and the governments to enact public beneficial laws.
Anna Hazare can also be called the Gandhian of the modern era. Anna Hazare is the ideal for all of us. Anna Hazare considers Gandhiji’s village Swarajya as the medium of prosperity in the villages of India. They believe that ‘villages must stand on their feet for a strong India’. According to him, the reason for not getting the benefits of development evenly distributed was not to keep the villages in the center.
From the person building to village building and then naturally, he showed Gandhi’s mantra of country building into reality and his campaign started from a village today continues successfully to 45 villages. Giving the basic mantra for individual creation, he has called upon the youth to develop good character, pure ethics, clean life and feelings of sacrifice and imbibed fearlessness and accept the service of common man as an ideal.Anna Hazare Biography
After Mahatma Gandhi, Anna Hazare has used hunger strike and fast unto death as the most frequent weapon. Be it averse to corrupt administration or use of right to information, Hazare has always come forward to raise the voice of the common man. Anna Hazare rightly thought that corruption is hindering the development of the country. For this, he started the anti-corruption mass movement in 1991. He found that 42 forest officials in Maharashtra are cheating the government and are cheating crores of rupees.
He submitted evidence to the government, but the government did not take any action against him because a minister of the ruling party met with him. Distressed by this, Hazare returned the Padma Shri award given by the President of India and the Vriksh Mitra Award given by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. He went on a hunger strike in Alandi village of Pune over the same issue. Finally the government woke up from Kumbhakarni sleep and took action against the culprits. Hazare’s movement came in handy and six ministers had to resign while 400 officials posted in various government offices were sent back to their homes.
- Maharashtra Anti-Corruption Mass Movement 1991.
- The Right to Information Movement 1997–2005.
- Maharashtra Anti-Corruption Movement 2003.
- Lokpal Bill Movement 2011.
- Major honors and awards.
- Padmabhushan Award (1992).
- Padma Shri Award (1990).
- Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award (1986).
- Krishi Bhushan Award of Government of Maharashtra (1989).
- Young India Award.
- Man of the Year Award (1988).
- Paul Mittal National Award (2000).
- Transparency International Integrity Award (2003).
- Vivekananda Seva Award (1996).
- Shiromani Award (1997).
- Mahavir Puraskar (1997).
- Diwaleben Mehta Award (1999).
- Care International (1998).
- Basavashree Prasasti (2000).
- GIANTS INTERNATIONAL AWARD (2000).
- National Integration Award (1999).
- World-Vatsalya and Santbal Award.
- Janseva Award (1999).
- Rotary International Manav Seva Award (1998).
- World Bank’s Jit Gill Commemorative Award (2008).