Isaac Newton Biography Sir Isaac Newton was a scientist from England. Who discovered the law of gravity and the principle of motion? He was a great mathematician, physicist, astrologer and philosopher. His research form “Philosophies Naturalis Principia Mathematica” was published in the year 18, which explained the laws of universal gravitation and motion and thus laid the foundation of classical physics.
His Philosophy Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is itself the most influential book in the history of science, laying the groundwork for most literary mechanics. In this work, Newton described the three laws of universal gravitation and motion that dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries.
Newton demonstrated that the motion of objects on Earth and the movement of celestial bodies is controlled by a set of natural laws, to show that he established a continuum between Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravity, thus Overcome past doubts about sun centrality and the modernization of the scientific revolution.
In mechanics, Newton established the principles of conservation of both momentum and angular momentum. In optics, he created the first practical reflective telescope. And developed the theory of color on the basis that a prism decomposes white light into the many colors that make up the visible spectrum. He gave the rule of cooling and studied the speed of sound.
Newton was born on 25 December 1642 on the Holy Christmas Day in Woolsthorp, Lanarkshire (England). His father died just 3 months before his birth. As a child, he had to face a lot of problems due to his father getting up from his head. When he was 3 years old, his mother got remarried, left him to his grandmother to take care of him and went to live with the new husband himself. Newton did not like his stepfather at all. When Newton was young, he could not speak properly for a long time.
When he was 17 years old, he was admitted to The King’s School, Grantham to study. But he did not feel like studying there, because mathematics was not taught there. Newton had a lot of interest in mathematics from the beginning. He was attracted to celestial bodies and planets since childhood, and was surprised to see the rays of the sun. On October 1659 Newton was expelled from the school. Here, her mother’s second husband had also died. For this reason, mother asked them to take care of farming. But Newton did not feel like farming.
Henry Stokes, principal of The King’s School, asked Newton’s mother to re-enroll Newton to school so that he could pursue further studies. This time Newton did not get discouraged and very quickly became the school’s topper. He was educated at King’s School, Grantham from the age of twelve to the age of seventeen. As a child, he was not very good at studies. Once at school, a boy beaten Newton but when Newton became angry, that boy had to save his life for the part. Then in 1659, when he was expelled from school, he came to his mother. Isaac Newton Biography
Biography Isaac Newton
In June 1661, at the behest of his Uncle Rev. William Ayscough, he joined Trinity College, Cambridge (Trinity College, Cambridge) to study. Isaac also worked as an employee at Newton College to pay for education fees and food. The teachings of the college at that time were based on Aristotle. But Newton wanted to read the ideas of more modern philosophers.
In 1664, due to his talent, a scholarship was arranged from the college, with the help of which Newton could now pursue further studies. Science was not far ahead at that time. Then while staying here, Newton read the famous “Kepler’s Laws”. In 1665, he discovered the generalized binomial theorem and began to develop a mathematical theory which later became known as Calculous. Newton gave this information after a long time. Because of this, he told that he was afraid that Newton said that he should not become a character of ridicule by publishing his calculus.
Newton had read more about the works of Galileo, Capler, Dekart and Euclid. It is said that he started studying Euclid because he had failed to understand some of the pictures in a book of constellation. Although he had set this book aside as a trivial book, but after his teacher’s persuasion, he read it again. Newton received a scholarship in April 1664, due to which he stayed in Cambridge until 1668. During this period Newton earned his B.A. and M.A. Degree was also taken.
About Isaac Newton
In 1665 AD, a plague epidemic spread in London, causing the city to be completely shut down. Soon after, Cambridge also temporarily closed the university following him. Some students along with their teachers moved to nearby villages. Newton went to the Lincoln Shire at his mother’s farm. The farm was of his grandfather Robert Newton.
Isaac Newton Isaac Newton remained there for the next 18 months. It was a forced holiday for him, but that time proved to be very crucial for Newton. Newton decided some of his thoughts during this holiday. The result of which gave rise to the beginning of his long and fruitful future in science.
Isaac Newton Theory
The event of Newton’s theory of gravity being traced, three and a half hundred years old, to the mid-1660s. William Stukeley wrote that one day in the spring of 1726, Newton told him of the incident in the shadow of an apple tree. Newton then studied at Cambridge University. Newton moved to his home in northern England when the university was closed due to the outbreak of plague. Newton told Stucley that the way he sat under that apple tree that day, he was thinking of sitting under a tree in the same state when an apple fell.
Stukeley writes – ‘Newton was sitting and thinking. When an apple fell, they wondered why this apple fell straight, why it did not fall side-by-side or up… That means the earth is pulling it, it means there is attraction in it. However, Keith Moore, head of the Royal Society’s library, says that the story of the apple’s fall is probably a story that Newton later created to explain to the general public. Keith Moore says, ‘Newton used the story of the apple fall to explain what gravity is to the common people, and the story of the apple falling on the head was made even later.
Optics – Newton stated that the white light of the sun is actually a mixture of some colors rather than white. For this, they saw the rays of the sun passing through the prism, forming a spectrum of purple, orange, yellow, red, blue, green and purple. We also call it the rainbow, which we see in the sky due to the reflection of sunlight by drops of water during rainy days. Telescope – Newton also contributed significantly to the development of the telescope. Isaac Newton Biography
Mechanics and Gravitation
Newton did a lot of work in the field of mechanics and gravity. With the help of Edmund Healy, he published his famous book Principal Mathematica. Newton verified three laws of motion in this and defined the law of gravity. His rules proved to be the cornerstone for modern physics in times to come. In this, he also explained the planetary movements of our planets.
Isaac Newton did not marry for a lifetime. He devoted his entire life to his research and scientific discoveries. Newton also wrote his theological research on the Bible. Also, a member of the Parliament of Newton England. In England, he was also appointed warden of the mint there. Here he worked very faithfully. He remained in this post till his death.
In April 1705, Queen Anne of England named Isaac newton a knight during her royal visit to Trinity College, Cambridge for her political contributions. Isaac Newton died on 31 March 1727 (20 March 1726 – old calendar) while sleeping in sleep. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
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