Born- June 23, 1912, London, England; Death – 7 June 1954, England, United Kingdom) was an English mathematician and computer scientist. He was the first person who thought of computer usage. He told people that computers can run different programs. Turing in 1936 introduced the idea of a turing device. He was among the first people to work on digital computers.About Alan Turing Biography
Biography of Alan Turing
Born on 23 June 1912 in London, Alan died at the age of 41. Alan is said to have committed suicide by shooting cyanide. In 1952, a British law convicted Allen of obscenity and sentenced him to impotent drugs. Allen was gay and homosexuality was illegal in Britain at the time.
Alan did many big things at an early age. Laid the foundation of modern computers, set standards for artificial brains and saved millions of lives by breaking the code of German Army submarines during World War II. In 1936, Allen published a paper to create a universal Turing machine. It is called the brain of modern computer. Like the computer of today, Allen was trying to make such a machine in that time, once the data is fed, many kinds of work can be done.
Mathematician Jack Copeland says, “The discovery of computers is such a big thing that even talking about it seems strange.” But I think it was his great task to break the code during the Second World War. “Until a few years ago, the world did not know that Alan was the one who broke the secret message of the German U-boat (submarine) deployed in the Atlantic Ocean. Many historians It is believed that if Alan had not done this work, the war would have taken at least two more years. Turing, who could run long distances, was allergic to the smell of flowers. That is why he used to put a mask in his mouth while running.
About Alan Turing
Alan Turing was gay. In 1952, he admitted that he had sex with a man. Homosexuality was a crime in England at the time. He was tried in a British court and convicted of the crime and asked to make an election. They were asked to go to prison or choose one of “chemical castration” (the use of female hormones such as estrogen to reduce their sexual innervation).
They chose hormones. But due to this he became impotent (unable to perform sexual activity) and by this his breasts grew. Alan could not tolerate all this and after some two years he ate cyanide in an apple and ate it. In this way, in just 41 years, Alan took her life just 16 days before her birthday on today (June 7).
In August 2009, John Graham-Cumming launched a signature campaign against the British government in which he demanded that the trial against Turing as a homosexual was wrong and the British government apologized. On September 10, 2009, a statement issued from the British Government stated that the sentence given to Allen was wrong. Prime Minister Gordon Brown apologized. But by then one of the world’s genius was gone.
Turing also considered Turing’s study
During the Second World War, Turing was an important partner in efforts to break German espionage. On the basis of encryption analysis (cryptanalysis), they broke both the Enigma device and the Lorez SZ60 / 82 (a teletype encoding enclosed which was codenamed “Tunny” by the British) and for some time they were using the German naval signal He was also the head of the reading section, Hut 8.
Ellen Turing was gay. In 1952 he confessed that he had sex with a man. Homosexuality was a crime in England at the time. He was tried in a British court and convicted of the crime and asked to make an election. They had to go to prison or choose one of the “chemical castration” (female intake of estrogen, such as estrogen, to reduce their sexual urination).
They chose hormones. But due to this he became impotent (unable to perform sexual activity) and by this his breasts grew. After experiencing these side effects for two years, he committed suicide by eating an apple containing cyanide in 1956. This type of treatment is now considered very inappropriate, considered to be against medical ethics and international human rights and is considered malpractice by many physicians.
During World War II
Alan Turing worked in the Government Code and Cypher School for the government during World War II. Which served as Britain’s code breaking center. Germany was badly defeated during World War I. Germany was desperate to take revenge and started dragging the world war II. During the preparations for the war, new weapons were made. Germany created a machine called the Enigma Machine. This machine was used for encrypting secret messages or for reading encrypts.
In war it was being used for the messages sent between the government and the army.Alanbroke the code of the Enigma machine by improving the bomb method and making an alctro mechanical machine. Its arrival benefited Britain greatly and shortened World War by at least 4 years. After the war, he joined the National Physical Laboratory where he designed ACE (Atomic Computing Engine). Joe Stord was one of the first to design computer programs.
Alan Mathison Turing died on 7 June 1954 in England, United Kingdom.
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