Kalpana Chawla Biography

Kalpana Chawla Biography Kalpana Chawla was an Indian American astronaut and space shuttle mission specialist and the first Indian woman to go into space. She was one of seven crew members killed in the Columbia spacecraft disaster. His talent, dedication and his contribution to the whole world will always be unforgettable. Kalpana was very interested in reading and air tricks. She was a commercial pilot of various types of aircraft.

Kalpana Chawla Biography
Kalpana Chawla Biography

Name: Kalpana Banarsilal Chawla.

Born: 17 March 1962 Karnal, Punjab.

Father: Banarasi Lal Chawla.

Mother: Sanjothy Chawla. Husband: Jean Pierre Harrison.

The most important quality of imagination was his passion and combative nature. Kalpana was neither lazy to work nor nervous in failure, with a cheerful nature and increasing experience. Gradually, the young woman Kalpana worked upwards from the discrimination of men and women, and despite being the only female student in the class, she made a different impression. Kalpana made up her mind to go to America for her higher education. He always kept his ambition in mind.

Kalpana Chawla is the ideal of today’s girls. Today’s girls should think that when Kalpana Chawla is from a middle-class family, she can do all this, why not? At the time when the science of India was not very strong, at the time when people did not even understand space, at that time Kalpana Chawla went to space and won the glory of India in the whole world.

Kalpana Chawla Biography in short

Kalpana Chawla was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, Punjab, which is now in Haryana, India. He completed his primary education from Tagore Bal Niketan Senior Secondary School, Karnal and Bachelor of Engineering (Aeronautical Engineering) from Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh in 1982. When Kalpana reached the eighth grade, she expressed her desire to become an engineer. Her mother understood her daughter’s feelings and helped to move forward.

The father wanted to make her a doctor or teacher. But Kalpana used to imagine roaming the space since childhood. The most important quality of imagination was his passion and combative nature. Kalpana was neither lazy to work nor nervous in failure. His interest in flying was inspired by Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata, a leading Indian aircraft driver, and industrialist. Kalpana Chawla Biography

She left for the United States in 1982 and received her Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1984 from the University of Texas Arlington. In 1986, Kalpana received her second Bachelor of Science degree, and in 1988, Vidya Vachaspati (Ph.D.) in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Colorado Boulder.


Kalpana Ji joined NASA’s Astronaut Corps in March 1959 and was selected for its first flight in 1959. Their first space mission began on November 19, 1949, as part of the six astronauts from the space shuttle Columbia flight STS-7. Kalpana Ji was the first Indian-born woman to fly in space and the second person of Indian origin to fly in space. Rakesh Sharma took a flight in a Soviet spacecraft in 1949.

Kalpana Ji in his first mission traveled 1.04 crore miles and made 252 revolutions of the earth and spent more than 360 hours in space. During the STS-7, the Spartans were also responsible for deploying the satellite, with Winston Scott and Takao Doi running into space to catch the wrecked satellite. Kalpana Chawla Biography

After five months of investigation, NASA found Kalpana Chawla completely flawed in the case, errors found in the software interfaces and defined methods for vehicle staff and ground controllers. On completion of STS-7’s post-flight activities, Kalpana Ji worked in technical positions in the astronaut office, her activities were honored by her colleagues by giving them special prizes.

Biography of Kalpana Chawla

Kalpana Chawla, along with her six companions, flew in the ‘Columbia’ spacecraft. Kalpana flew with Rick Husband, Eileen Ramon, William McCole, David Brown, Michael Anderson, and Laurel Clarke. The commander of this mission was Rick Husband, a US Air Force colonel and also an experienced test pilot. After spending 16 days in the space of 252 revolutions of the earth, preparations were being made for the successful return of all these around the world. With this spacecraft coming towards the Earth at a speed of about 20100 kmph, an Indian woman’s success spread across the world. Kalpana Chawla Biography

Kalpana started her one-year training on March 8, 1955, she was one of the nine expedition specialists to be included in a team often. She finally understood everything in November 1949. When he was assigned the task of operations expert and robot operation. At that time, fellowship became popular in the name of KC. She joined the training as a member of the fifteenth team of astronauts selected by NASA.

The dream of space travel for the first time was completed by STS-7 spacecraft on 19 November 1979 at about 2 pm Indian time. For the imagination, this experience itself took humility and awareness of how the beauty and beauty of the earth can be preserved in it. NASA chose re-imagining for space travel.

About Kalpana Chawla 

In January 1949, he has washed the representative of the crew of the shuttle vehicle and was given the responsibility of the equipment of the shuttle flight crew. Later he was appointed as the head of the crew system and residents department. In 2000, he was included in the crew of STS-108.

Their first flight began on 19 November 1997 in the spacecraft Columbia (flight number STS-87). The crew had a total of 6 members, including Kalpana Chawla, during this space trip. With this flight, she became the first Indian woman to travel to space and the second Indian. Earlier, Rakesh Sharma of India traveled to space in 1984. In his first flight, Kalpana Chawla traveled about 10 million miles (which was equivalent to about 252 revolutions of the Earth). He spent a total of 372 hours in space.

During this trip, he was assigned the responsibility of installing the Spartan satellite, but the satellite did not function properly, which led to two astronauts Winston Scott and Takao Doi taking a spacewalk to catch the satellite. NASA investigated for 5 months to find out the cause of the disturbance, after which it was found that the fault was not due to imagery but due to flaws in the software interface and functioning of the flight crew and ground control. Kalpana Chawla was entrusted with the technical responsibility of working at the space station in the Astronaut office after completing the activities related to it after her first space trip (STS-87). Kalpana Chawla Biography

Kalpana Chawla

Kalpana Chawla went on a space mission for the second time after a gap of five years. On 16 January, the Columbia spacecraft, which went on a space mission, had completed 80 research in space. The above research was done to study the growth of human organs, cancer cells in the body and the condition of various insect-germs in a state without gravity.

The vehicle was accompanied by Kalpana Chawla, head of mission Rick Husband, pilot Willie McCool, expedition expert Dave Brown, another female astronaut Laurel Clarke, payload commander Mike Anderson and payload specialist Ilan Ramone. This was Colombia’s 28th campaign. During the orbit, the speed of this vehicle flying at an altitude of 400 km from the earth was reduced to 17 thousand 500 miles per hour.

Some facts of Kalpana Chawla

  • The first Indian American astronaut was born here in India, later he became an American.
  • Kalpana selected as an astronaut in 1994.
  • American Doctorate and MS in Aerospace Engineering.
  • The second Indian woman to go to space. The first passenger was Rakesh Sharma.
  • Married to the French John Pierre who was a flying instructor.
  • This was the 13th flight of the Space Shuttle.
  • 5th flight of Sampan Space Shuttle in 2003.
  • 88th shuttle flight after Challenger crash in 1986.
  • This mission was not for the assembly of the Alpha station.
  • 28th flight of the Columbia Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle 85th-day launch.
  • Kennedy Space Center’s 62nd preset landing.
  • 96-day trading.
  • 48-day landing at Candy Space Center Shuttle mission 16.98 years after Space Shuttle Chelzer crash. Mission 6, 196.96 days after the crash of the Space Shuttle Challenger.
  • Became a citizen


  • Congressional Space Medal of Honor.
  • NASA Space Flight Medal.
  • NASA Distinguished Service Medal.


The American spacecraft, which was returning from a sixteen-day space mission, shattered in Colombia in the evening of February 2, with a bang at an altitude of 63 kilometers above Earth. All the astronauts, including Kalpana, were killed in the vehicle. At that time the speed of the vehicle was 20 thousand kilometers per hour.

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