Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Mahatma Gandhi Biography
Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Born: 2 October 1869 Porbandar. (Gujarat)

Father: Karamchand.

Mother: Putlibai.

Wife: Kasturba.

About Mahatma Gandhi

        Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the director of India’s independence movement. With his inspiration, India got independence in 1949. One who speaks of the eternal values ​​of human life with his amazing spiritual power. Mahatma Gandhi, the great and immortal hero of world history, continued to show the path of lifelong truth, non-violence and love. Mahatma Gandhi was born Porbandar in this city of Gujarat state. Gandhiji initially studied in Kathiawar and later received a law degree from University of London.

        After this he came to India and started practicing his advocacy. But did not succeed. At the same time, he got a job as a legal consultant in a company from South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi lived there for nearly 20 years. While fighting for the fundamental rights of Indians, he was also imprisoned several times. At that time much racism was happening in Africa. There is also an anecdote about him. When Gandhiji climbed into the special compartment of the Englishmen, he pushed Gandhiji out of disrespect.

        Gandhi’s father Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Rajkot. Your mother’s name was Putlibai. She was a woman with religious views. You always chose the path of truth and non-violence and made movements for freedom. Gandhiji studied law in England. After returning from there, you started practicing in Bombay. Mahatma Gandhi was a priest of truth and non-violence.

Early life:

        Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in a village called Porbandar in Kathiawar, Gujarat. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and very few of you would know that he was the dewan of a small princely state of Kathiawar during the British era. His mother Putlibai was the fourth wife of Karamchand ji and she was of religious nature. While living with his mother, his feelings of kindness, love, and selfless reverence for God were awakened in his childhood, whose image continued to be seen in Mahatma Gandhi till the end. He was married to 14-year-old Kasturba Makhanji in his childhood. Do you know that Mahatma Gandhi was 1 year younger than his wife.

        When he was 19, he moved to London to pursue higher education from where he graduated in law. While abroad, Gandhiji followed some English customs but did not adopt non-vegetarian food there. Considering his mother’s and intellectually, he decided to remain a vegetarian for life and also subscribed to the vegetarian society located there. After some time he returned to India and started advocacy work in Mumbai in which he could not succeed completely. After this, he chose Rajkot as his place of work where he used to write pleas for the needy.

Biography of mahatma Gandhi

        Gandhiji spent 21 years of his life in South Africa. Once the first class coach in the train had a valid ticket, he was thrown out of the train for refusing to enter the third class compartment. This incident brought a profound mode in the life of Gandhiji and Gandhiji returned to India in the year 1914, by this time Gandhiji had become distinguished as a nationalist leader and convenor. Gandhi came to India and the movements in Champaran in Bihar and Kheda in Gujarat gave Gandhi the first political success in India. After this, Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation Movement The Non-Cooperation Movement was getting immense success.

        Which increased the enthusiasm and participation in all sections of the society. But due to the Chauri-Chaura incident in February 1922, Gandhiji withdrew the Asheyag movement. After this, Gandhiji was tried for treason and was sentenced to six years, due to poor health, he was released by the government in February 1924. Gandhiji launched a new satyagraha in protest against the imposition of salt tax in March 1930, under which Gandhi traveled on foot from Ahmedabad to Dandi on 248 miles from March 12 to April 6 to produce salt on his own. Gandhiji was arrested on 9 August 1942 in Mumbai under the Quit India Movement, Gandhiji was kept in captivity for two years in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune.

Political life:

        Gandhi’s first major achievement came in the movement of the Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha in 1914, although the movement of food crops that gave indigo cash money was also important, rather than the food crops necessary for his subsistence. The oppressed Indians were given nominal compensation allowance due to the strength of the zamindars (most of the British), which surrounded them in extreme poverty. The villages were badly dirty and unhealthy and tied to alcohol, untouchability and veils. Now due to a devastating famine, the British imposed oppressive taxes to compensate for the royal treasury, whose burden kept increasing day by day.

        This situation was disappointing. Kheda, Gujarat had the same problem. Gandhiji built an ashram where many of his supporters and new voluntary workers were organized. He made a detailed study and survey of the villages, keeping an account of the terrible incidents of atrocities on the creatures and also included the unproductive normal condition of the people. Creating confidence in the villagers, he started his work by cleaning the villages under which schools and hospitals were built and the rural leadership was motivated to eliminate many of the social evils mentioned above.

Return To India

        Gandhi returned to India in 1936 with the Lahore session of the Nehru Presidency and Congress. However, Gandhi wished to focus solely on achieving independence and not on speculation about India’s future. This did not prevent the Congress from adopting socialism as its objective. Gandhi had differences with Subhash Bose, who was elected to the presidency in 1938. Gandhi’s main points in differences with Bose were Bose’s lack of commitment to democracy and lack of faith in non-violence. Bose won for the second time despite Gandhiji’s criticism, but left the Congress when all Indian leaders abandoned all the principles implemented by Gandhiji.

Congress

        Gandhi resigned from Congress membership in 1934. Instead of political activities, he shifted his focus to building the nation ‘from the lowest level’ through ‘constructive programs’. He started the work of educating rural India, continuing the movement against untouchability, promoting spinning, weaving and other cottage industries and creating an education system suited to the needs of the people.

        Gandhi was released in February 1924 after his arrest during the Non-Cooperation Movement and remained away from active politics till 1928. During this time he continued to reduce the estrangement between the Swaraj Party and the Congress and in addition to fighting against untouchability, alcoholism, ignorance and poverty.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi

        ‘Quit India’ became the most powerful movement in the struggle for freedom movement which led to widespread violence and arrest. Thousands of freedom fighters were either killed or injured in this struggle and thousands were arrested. Gandhiji made it clear that he would not support the British war effort until India was given immediate independence. He also said that this movement will not stop despite personal violence. He believed that the government chaos prevailing in the country is more dangerous than the real chaos. Gandhiji asked all Congressmen and Indians to maintain discipline with non-violence, do or die.

idea :

  • In the non-violent war, if a few die fighters are found, then they will be shameful of crores and will die in them. Even if it is my dream, it is sweet to me.
  • The democratic struggle for independence has never been more real to us in world history. The democracy that I have imagined will be established through non-violence. Everyone will get equal freedom in it. Every person will own themselves.
  • It is more valuable to move an inch than long speeches.
  • It is a sin to make a mistake, but to hide it is a greater sin than that.
  • Freedom has no meaning unless there is freedom to make mistakes
  • It is not wise to be very sure about your intelligence. It should be remembered that the powerful can also be weak and the wise can make mistakes.
  • Irregularity kills man, not excess of work.
  • Some people dream of success while others wake up and work hard.
  • It is foolish to believe in your knowledge more than necessary. It would be fine to remind that the strongest can be weak and the wisest can make a mistake.

The Great Personality

  • The culture of any country resides in the heart and soul of its people.
  • Efforts to throw religion out of society are as fruitless as infertile sons and if successful, the society is destroyed in it.
  • It is not wise to be very sure about your intelligence. It should be remembered that the powerful can also be weak and the wise can make mistakes.
  • Irregularity kills man, not excess of work.
  • Some people dream of success while others wake up and work hard.
  • It is foolish to believe in your knowledge more than necessary. It would be fine to remind that the strongest can be weak and the wisest can make a mistake.
  • The culture of any country resides in the heart and soul of its people.
  • Efforts to throw religion out of society are as fruitless as infertile sons and if successful, the society is destroyed in it.
  • An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.
  • Those who save time, they save money and the money saved is equal to the money earned.
  • Conductless thoughts, however good they may be, should be treated like a khote-pearl.
  • We should always keep in mind that even a powerful man is weak one day.
  • Anger is a type of momentary insanity.
  • Stay without work even for a moment. I do not know any other way of inner or outer joy.
  • Prayer is a call to humility, a call to self-purification, and a call to self-observation.
  • The incompetent nation can neither have any religion, nor can it have any art nor any organization.
  • Happiness will be attained when you think, what you say and what you do, these three are in harmony.

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