Neil Alden Armstrong was an American astronomer and the first to step on the moon. In addition, he was an aerospace engineer, naval officer, test pilot, and professor. He was in the Navy before becoming an astronaut (Astronaut).
He also participated in the Korea War while in the Navy. After the Navy, he graduated from Purdu University and then joined a Dryden Flight Research Center and flew more than 900 flights as a test pilot. After serving here, he earned a master’s degree from the University of South California.
Neil Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930, in Wapponetta, Ohio. His father’s name was Stephen Armstrong and mother’s violin was Louis Angel, and his parents’ other two children, June and Dean, were younger than Neil. Father Stephen was an auditor working for the Ohio government and his family traveled to many towns in Ohio for this reason. After the birth of Neil, he shifted to about 20 towns. During this time, Neil got interested in air flights. When Neil was five years old, his father took him in a Ford Trimotor airplane on June 20, 1937, in Warren, Ohio, and Neil experienced his first flight.
In 1947, at the age of 17, Armstrong began studying aeronautical engineers at Purdur University. He was the second person in his family to go to college. He also adopted Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to study. Armstrong believed that we can get good education by studying anywhere. He earned the Eagle Scout Award from Bahot as a teenager and also received the Silver Buffalo Award.
Neil was very fast in mathematics and science. He was particularly interested in astronomy and cosmology. At the age of sixteen, he acquired his student pilot license. Once during the war in 1951, he was flying over North Korea. Flying in his F9F Panther jet, he saw North Korean soldiers engaged in their day-to-day work. He could have blown them with his machine gun if he wanted, but he took a finger off the trigger and went ahead. How could they attack unarmed people who could not even defend themselves?
Neil Armstrong continued to work as an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator at NASA. He flew a variety of airplanes, ranging from X-15s flying at speeds of up to 4000 kmph, jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders. On 16 March 1966, under the Gemini-8 campaign, he first went to space. After this, as commander in Apollo-2, he landed on the moon surface in July 1969 and made history.
Journey to the moon:
During the launch of Apollo 11, Armstrong’s heart rate had reached 110 pulses per minute. Armstrong found its first stage to be the most noisy, far more than their previous Gemini 8 Titan I launch. Apollo’s command module was definitely more spacious than Gemini. At 10.56 PM Armstrong exited the lunar module. He had said, “This small step of a human being is a big leap for the human caste.” For about 2.30 hours, Neil and Aldrin collected and experimented with some samples of the moon. He also took out many photos, including photos of his own footprints.
After returning back to the earth, the three astronauts were highly praised and welcomed. A parade was also held in his honor in New York City. Armstrong has received many accolades for his matchless work, including the Congressional Space Medal.
Neil Armstrong Biography
Armstrong often refrains from making public statements. He has criticized the president’s rejection of the plan passed by the US Congress. He has signed a letter sent to Obama along with astronauts Eugene Carnen of the spacecraft Apollo and Jime Lovell.
After working in the Navy for some time, he started work in the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in 1955. The same committee was later renamed NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). Here he continued to work as an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator. He flew a variety of airplanes, ranging from X-15s flying at speeds of 4000 kilometers per hour to jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders.
Returning from lunar expedition, Armstrong remained attached to NASA’s Aeronautics Unit until 1971 as a deputy associate administrator; He was then made Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Cincinnati University and lived there for eight years. In 1982, he became the Chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation Insertion and held this position till 1992. On 28 January 1986, the Challenger spacecraft crashed and all its passengers were killed. The US President set up a commission to investigate the accident. Neil Armstrong was appointed Vice Chairman of this commission. During that difficult period, he submitted his report to the President after intensive investigation.
Aldrin came back to Eagle first. Together, they put together 22 kg of Namno’s boxes and films with the help of a pool. Armstrong then boarded the vehicle. After Chandrayan entered the life-saving environment, he took off his shoes and backpack suit. After that they went to sleep. After seven hours of sleep, the Houston Center woke him up and asked him to prepare for the return journey. After two and a half hours, at 5.57 pm in the evening, they fired Eagle’s mount engine.
His companion Kalins was waiting for him in a lunar orbit in the control vehicle Columbia. After two and a half hours on the surface of the moon, he came across the moon, leaving a lot of equipment, the American flag and a plate on the steps. On July 26, Apollo 11 returned to Earth. The ship was lifted in the Pacific Ocean, raised from the USS Hornet. President Nixon himself was present in the ship to welcome him. Passengers were kept aside for a few days.
This was done to prevent the presence of an unknown feared parasite in the moon’s dust from spreading in the earth’s atmosphere. Later this apprehension came to light 13 August 1949 astronauts came out. The same evening, a banquet was held in Las Angels to honor these travelers, in which members of the US Congress, 4 governors, chief justices, and ambassadors of 43 countries came. The passengers were given the American highest honor “Presidential Medal of Freedom”. On September 14, 1949, the three travelers addressed the American Congress.
Meeting Indira Gandhi:
Natwar, who took the two astronauts to Indira Gandhi’s chamber at the Parliament House office, recalled that the then US ambassador was also present at the time. He said, when the photographer photographed both the astronauts and went out with Indira Gandhi, there was a strange silence.
When Indira indicated the conversation, Natwar said, Mr. Armstrong, you would be interested to know that the Prime Minister was awake till 4.30 am, as she did not want to miss the moment you landed on the moon. Natwar recalled that to this Armstrong said, Madam Prime Minister, I apologize for the inconvenience caused to you. Next time, I’ll make sure you don’t have to wake up when we land on the moon. The day of July 20, 1969, will always remain a historical event in the history of mankind, when the Apollo-11 spacecraft led by Armstrong first landed on the moon.
Some facts related to Neil Armstrong:
• On August 5, 1930, Neil Armstrong was born in Wakeconeta, Ohio. His father’s name was Stephen Armstrong and mother’s violin was Louis Angel, and his parents’ two other children, June and Dean, were younger than Neil.
• Father Stephen Ohio was an auditor who worked for the government. And for this reason his family traveled to many towns in Ohio.
• When Neil was five years old, his father took him on June 20, 1936, in a Ford Trimotor plane to Warren, Ohio, and Neil experienced his first flight.
He flew a variety of airplanes, ranging from X-15s flying at speeds of up to 4000 kmph, jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders.
Neil’s life was a moderate life. He proudly served the country as Navy Fighter Pilot, Test Pilot and Space Passenger. He got hundreds of awards and honors, but in front of the achievements as high as space, all became secondary. On 25 August 2012 at the age of 82, this greatest astronaut Neil Armstrong died after suffering a heart attack.
Also you read-